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How to solve the pollution of plastic to the environment?


Where are plastic products used?
The harm of plastics to the environment.
The benefits of paper packaging


Plastic is used everywhere in modern times, for instance, household, industry, institution, construction and vehicle etc., and has replaced many conventional materials and products (Greenfeet, 2004; PlasticsEurope, 2013). The global plastics production has increased annually and a significant part of it is used for packaging (in Europe 39%) (Luijsterburg and Goossens, 2014). A large quantity of plastics is discarded daily and a part of them are recycled due to the high market value and demand (Thompson et al., 2009; Velis, 2014). Both informal sectors and households together recovered 6.5–8.5 million tons/year of plastic in India. Thus, about 50%–80% of the produced plastics are recycled in India (Nandy et al., 2015).

Global plastics production has reached 380 million metric tons in 2015, with around 40% used for packaging.

In recent decades, plastic bag (PB) has emerged as one of the most effective products worldwide. It has gained increasing popularity amongst consumers and retailers due to being functional, lightweight, strong, cheap, and a hygienic way of transporting (Smith, 2004; UNEP, 2005). It has become a common form of packaging for goods, foods, medicines and chemicals now. Therefore, globally PBs production is increasing extremely day to day (Ayalon et al., 2009; Bahri, 2005).

Plastic products have seriously harmed the environment, so how can we solve the pollution of plastics to the Plastic products have seriously harmed the environment, so how can we solve the pollution of plastics to the environment? The most direct solution should be to reduce the use of plastic products. Change plastic to recyclable material, which will greatly reduce the use of plastic products.

Biodegradable Materials

Paper containers are made from renewable resources such as paper and paperboard that provide distinct environmental sustainability credentials. Like wood, the raw material can be sourced from sustainably managed forests and is readily recyclable and, by definition, biodegradable.

Multi Usage

Paper packaging can be reused as many things, such as wrapping paper, fibre-board, and paper sacks. Unlike paper, plastic bags can only be recycled into yet more plastic bags. Besides, improved paper bags allow dry foods to be kept on the shelves, protecting both the food and the shelving.

High Durability

Paper bags are environmental-friendly and sturdy. Cardboard boxes, in particular, can handle heavy loads and stand upright. Progressive paper packaging will keep the contents fresh, as well. Paper can lock in flavors while keeping out pests, so it is an excellent alternative for things such as flour and spices to be well sealed.


Although plastic brings us a lot of convenience, it also brings us a lot of harm. We must reduce the use of plastic products and try to choose recyclable materials.

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If you are interested, you can take a look at these articles:

1、Characteristics of plastic bags and their potential environmental hazards

2、Overview of known plastic packaging-associated chemicals and their hazards


ScienceDirect:Resources, Conservation and RecyclingScience of The Total Environment

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